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Endodontics / Root Canals

A root canal procedure is used when the soft tissue (pulp) inside the root of the tooth becomes inflamed or infected. This can be caused by decay, a chipped tooth, or other trauma to the teeth, and when left untreated, it can lead to increased pain or an abscess. If your teeth are sensitive to heat, cold, or chewing, or if any teeth are discolored, then you may be a candidate for a root canal.

What are the steps of a root canal?

  1. An x-ray is taken to determine the shape of the canal and assess for infection.
  2. Local anesthesia is used to numb the tooth (some patients may not require anesthesia if the nerve is dead).
  3. A rubber dam is placed around the tooth to keep the area free of saliva.
  4. A tiny hole is drilled into the tooth.
  5. The tooth pulp and decayed nerve tissue is removed from the hole.
  6. The hole is cleaned using files, and a liquid solution is used to flush out remaining debris.
  7. A sealer paste and rubber compound is used to fill the root canal.
  8. A ceramic filling is placed over the top of the canal to seal it.


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